Understanding the Different Types of Citrus

Woman washing citrus fruits in a large brown bowl

Citrus fruits are a group of juicy and flavorful fruits that are known for their high vitamin C content. The term “citrus” refers to a specific group of fruits that belong to the genus Citrus, which includes oranges, lemons, limes, grapefruits, and many other varieties. Read on to learn more about the different types of citrus fruit!

What fruits are considered citrus? 

Fruit is considered to be a citrus fruit if it is produced from a flowering plant in the citrus family, Rutaceae. There are many different types of citrus fruit. To be considered a citrus fruit, the fruit must have certain characteristic features, including pulpy flesh that is surrounded by a segmented, leathery rind. The rind contains an essential oil that gives citrus fruits their characteristic zesty aroma. Additionally, citrus fruits are typically acidic, juicy, and high in Vitamin C. These characteristics, along with the presence of the specific family of plants, define a fruit as citrus fruit.

When is citrus season?

Most types of citrus fruits reach their peak freshness in the winter months, with different types of citrus fruits becoming ripe at different times. For example, oranges are typically at their best from December to April, while lemons are often their sweetest from February to May. Luckily, nowadays many types of citrus are available year-round, so you can almost always get these tangy-sweet fruits without wondering when is citrus season.

Take a look at our post about the benefits of seasonal eating.

How many types of citrus fruits are there?

There are many different types of citrus fruits, but some of the most common include oranges, lemons, limes, grapefruits, mandarins, tangerines, pomelos, and kumquats. Each type of citrus fruit has its own unique flavor, texture, and nutritional profile, and can be used in a variety of different cuisines and culinary applications. Additionally, there are also many hybrids and cultivars of these types of fruits, which can further add to the diversity of the citrus family.

What are the different types of citrus fruits?

While most citrus fruits share many similar characteristics, each type of citrus fruit varies slightly from fruit to fruit. Here are the most common answers to what are the different types of citrus fruits:


Oranges are one of the most well-known types of citrus, and are prized for their juicy flesh and sweet-tart flavor. There are many different varieties of oranges, including navel, Valencia, and blood oranges. 


Lemons are tart, acidic fruits that are often used for their juice in cooking and baking, and are also often used in drinks and cocktails. 


Limes are similar to lemons in flavor but are slightly sweeter and less acidic. Limes are a popular choice for cocktails, marinades, and dressings.


Tangerines are small, sweet-tart citrus fruits that are easy to peel, are often eaten as a snack, and can be used for salads and pastry toppers as well.


Grapefruits are large, juicy fruits that are known for their bitter taste. They are often used as a topping for salads, breakfast cereals, and parfaits. 


Kumquats are small, bite-sized citrus fruits with a tangy-sweet flavor that can be eaten on their own, or used in salads.


Pomelos are a large citrus fruit that is the least acidic and sour of any citrus but is typically less juicy than oranges, tangerines, or grapefruits. Pomelos are the largest citrus fruit, and can weigh up to 10 pounds!

How to store citrus fruits

Storing fruits properly is key to maintaining their freshness, flavor, and texture for all types of citrus. Here are some tips on how to store citrus fruits to keep them at their best:

1. If you plan to consume the citrus fruits within a few days, it’s best to store them at room temperature in a cool, dry place. This will prevent them from getting too soft or moldy. 

2. If you want to extend the shelf life of your citrus fruits, storing them in the refrigerator is a good option. Make sure to keep them away from ethylene-producing fruits such as apples or bananas.

3. If you have an abundance of citrus fruits and don’t think you’ll be able to eat them all before they go bad, you can juice them and freeze the juice to save for later.

Check out our guide on how to keep fruits and vegetables fresh.

Get More Citrus in Your Diet Every Week

In conclusion, citrus fruits are an excellent source of vitamins and minerals and offer a wide range of health benefits. Whether you prefer sweet oranges, tart lemons, or juicy grapefruits, incorporating citrus into your diet can help support a healthy lifestyle. 

If you’re looking for a convenient way to get fresh citrus fruits every week, consider using Gobble, a meal delivery service that offers delicious and nutritious meals made with high-quality ingredients, including fresh citrus fruits.

 With Gobble, you can enjoy the taste and health benefits of citrus without the hassle of shopping and meal prep. Gobble sends you chef-inspired meals every week that are specially designed to be ready in 15 minutes or less! Whether you are looking for a lean & clean meal plan, or simply want to get more citrus in your diet, Gobble has a plan for you. So, why not give it a try today and see how it can improve your health and well-being!

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